What You Should Know About This Degree
The terms criminology and criminal justice are often used interchangeably, but there are important differences between the two fields. Understanding those differences is key at this stage, so you can select the right type of program for your interests and career goals.
Criminology is a subfield of sociology focusing on researching social behavior as it relates to crime and deviations from what is considered “normal” behavior. This is an ideal field for individuals who want to understand the psychological and sociological causes of crime, and use this knowledge to inform laws and assist in criminal investigations. Criminologists often go on to earn a PhD in criminology or a related field.
Criminal justice deals directly with the systems of law enforcement, courts, and corrections. A degree in criminal justice will prepare individuals for careers as law enforcement officers, detectives, corrections officers, and more. Consider what your career goals are when selecting the program you want to pursue.
Depending on your career goals, you may need additional education after earning your master’s degree. For example, if you are interested in pursuing a career as a lawyer, you will have to earn a law degree and pass the bar exam before being able to professionally practice law. Keep this extra commitment of time and money in mind when planning out your educational path.
Here are some questions to ask when researching Online Master’s in Criminology programs:
- Can I pass a background check? As a prerequisite for most jobs within the criminology field, candidates will undergo extensive background checks, drug testing, and other screenings. Individuals who have potentially problematic situations in their history should talk to an advisor about how this may impact their ability to enter the field and obtain work before enrolling in a program.
- How are courses in this program delivered? Online courses are typically delivered either synchronously or asynchronously. Students attend synchronous courses remotely, but at set meeting times. In asynchronous courses, students can access lessons and assignments on their own time. Find out how the program delivers its courses, so you can choose the type of program that best fits into your schedule.
During your research process, you should also investigate the school’s admissions process and requirements. You can typically find this information on the school’s website, or by contacting their admissions department. Also consider your financing options for graduate school, including financial aid, scholarships, assistantships, and tuition remission or reimbursement from your employer.